Membangun Ketahanan Keluarga dan SDM Indonesia Berkualitas
The Influence of Economic Pressure, Social Support , Marital Quality, Parenting, and Child’s Emotional Quotient on Child’s Academic Achievement
The general objective of the study are to analyze correlation between all research variables, analyze the influence economic pressure on marital quality and parenting quality; and analyze the influence marital quality, parenting quality, and child’s emotional quotient on child’s academic achievement. Sampling unit is junior high school students and random sampling was used. The data were collected from April to June 2003 through interviewing the students and their mother. Economic pressure, social support, marital quality, parenting style, and emotional quotient were scored and categorized as high, moderate and low, while the academic performance is an average score from several subjects. By using Spearman’s correlations, it shows that except on social support variable, there are high correlation between all research variables. The higher the level economic pressure the lower the level marital quality, parenting quality, child’s emotional quotient, and child’s academic achievement. By using regression analysis, it show that marital quality influenced by economic pressure and social support (R2=0.336); parenting quality influenced by economic pressure, social support and marital quality (R2=0.311); and child’s academic achievement influenced by marital quality, parenting quality, and child’s emotional quotient (R2=0.610).