Presented at Senior Official Forum on Families, Nusa Dua, Bali September 3-5, 2007
THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES ON
By : Euis Sunarti 
A. Changing Families in a Changing World
Family and community structures adapt to the physical and social conditions of production (Wenke 1984, referred by Zeitlin, et al., 1995). Now, families live in turbulent time, on the edge of uncertainty and move into uncharted territory. Family life and the world around us have changed so dramatically in recent years that while we yearn for strong and enduring relationships, we are unsure how to shape and sustain them to weather the storms of life. Although some families are shattered by crisis or persistent stresses, what is remarkable is that others emerge strengthened and more resourceful (Walsh, 2006).
There is a powerful interplay between a society’s technology, family structure, and social values all along time, with the result known as pre-modern families, modern families, and post modern families. Technology and industrialization, and also globalization forces driving family transition. With the growth of specialized wage labor, economically productive work moved beyond the reach of the family compound. individualized remuneration and liability led to a redefinition of kinship obligations. Where neighbors were strangers, the modern family became a “haven in a heartless world” (Lasch 1977). Even without significant industrial growth, the expansion of global markets, the mass media, the civil service, and other services such as health care, education, and transportation led to the formation of modern families in developing countries.