EUIS SUNARTI

Membangun Ketahanan Keluarga dan SDM Indonesia Berkualitas

TEORI KELUARGA

April 5th, 2012

Teori-Teori Keluarga [1]

Kajian keluarga telah dimulai sejak tahun 1800-an, seiring dengan kebutuhan untuk memperbaiki atau menyelesaikan masalah-masalah sosial.  Hal tersebut menunjukkan pandangan bahwa keluarga berkaitan dengan banyak masalah sosial.  Contohnya adalah masalah sosial yang berkaitan dengan dampak peningkatan tingkat perceraian, dampak kekerasan, gerakan atau tuntutan hak memilih wanita, dan dampak industrialisasi.  Bahkan para pembaharu sosial memandang bahwa keluarga sebagai dasar kesehatan masyarakat.  Oleh karena itu perhatian beralih kepada kehidupan keluarga itu sendiri.  Keluarga dipandang sebagai institusi yang mudah pecah, sehingga perlu dilindungi.  Perubahan sosial yang berlangsung cepat, industrialisasi, dan urbanisasi dipandang sebagai faktor yang dapat menyebabkan disorganisasi keluarga (Thomas & Wilcox dalam Sussman & Steinmetz, 1987).

Theoretical and Methodological Issues on Family Resilience

March 9th, 2012

Presented at Senior Official Forum on Families, Nusa Dua, Bali September 3-5, 2007

THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES ON

FAMILY RESILIENCE

By : Euis Sunarti [2]

A. Changing Families in a Changing World

Family and community structures adapt to the physical and social conditions of production (Wenke 1984, referred by Zeitlin, et al., 1995). Now, families live in turbulent time, on the edge of uncertainty and move into uncharted territory.  Family life and the world around us have changed so dramatically in recent years that while we yearn for strong and enduring relationships, we are unsure how to shape and sustain them to weather the storms of life. Although some families are shattered by crisis or persistent stresses, what is remarkable is that others emerge strengthened and more resourceful (Walsh, 2006).

There is a powerful interplay between a society’s technology, family structure, and social values all along time, with the result known as pre-modern families, modern families, and post modern families. Technology and industrialization, and also globalization forces driving family transition. With the growth of specialized wage labor, economically productive work moved beyond the reach of the family compound. individualized remuneration and liability led to a redefinition of kinship obligations. Where neighbors were strangers, the modern family became a “haven in a heartless world” (Lasch 1977). Even without significant industrial growth, the expansion of global markets, the mass media, the civil service, and other services such as health care, education, and transportation led to the formation of modern families in developing countries.

EUIS SUNARTI

Membangun Ketahanan Keluarga dan SDM Indonesia Berkualitas